Semen analysis is a fundamental exam on evaluating male partners. A semen analysis usually measures:
- Semen volume and pH ;
- Sperm concentration ;
- Sperm morphology (size, shape and appearance) ;
- Sperm motility (movement) ;
- Debris found in sperm;
- Leukocyte count (white blood cells that could signify infection or other problems);
- Immature germ cells (non-sperm round cells that may be found in semen).
Low sperm count is a common reason many couples have trouble conceiving. Because a man’s semen consistency and sperm count can vary from day to day, our doctor often recommends a second semen analysis at least two weeks apart, over a period of two to three months, if the first semen analysis was abnormal.
Common reasons cause low sperm count include:
- Sexual Transmitted Disease
- General Healthy Issue
- Past surgeries
Hormone testing and genetic testing
Testosterone, estradiol, prolactin, LH and FSH might be ordered if semen analysis is abnormal. Genetic testing, like chromosomal testing and Y chromosomal microdeletion testing also could be part of the test for some male patients.